Sajid Shahul, M.D., M.P.H.

Professor of Anesthesia & Critical Care
Program Director, Critical Care Medicine Fellowship

5841 South Maryland Avenue
MC 4028
Chicago, IL 60637

Training

M.B., B.S. - 1995 
Jawaharlal Nehru University - New Delhi, Delhi India

Certificate - 2011  
Harvard School of Public Health, Summer Program in Clinical Effectiveness - Boston, Massachusetts USA - Clinical Effectiveness

M.P.H. - 2013
Harvard School of Public Health - Boston, Massachusetts USA -  Clinical Effectiveness

Internship - 1998-1999
University of Chicago Hospitals - Chicago, Illinois USA - Anesthesiology

Residency - 1999-2002
University of Chicago Hospitals - Chicago, Illinois USA - Anesthesiology

Fellowship - 2002-2003
University of Chicago Hospitals - Chicago, Illinois USA - Critical Care Medicine

Fellowship - 2003-2004
University of Chicago Hospitals - Chicago, Illinois USA - Cardiac Anesthesia

Recent Publications

Dalton A, Shahul S. Cardiac dysfunction in critical illness. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2018. Epub 2018/01/20. doi: 10.1097/ACO.0000000000000572. PubMed PMID: 29351144.

Chhabra N, Kacha AK, Shahul SS. Perioperative Fluid Strategies to Prevent Lung Injury. Int Anesthesiol Clin. 2018;56(1):107-17. Epub 2017/12/01. doi: 10.1097/AIA.0000000000000171. PubMed PMID: 29189438.

Siddiqui M, Minhaj M, Mueller A, Tung A, Scavone B, Rana S, Shahul S. Increased Perinatal Morbidity and Mortality Among Asian American and Pacific Islander Women in the United States. Anesth Analg. 2017;124(3):879-86. Epub 2017/01/19. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000001778. PubMed PMID: 28099290.

Shahul S, Ramadan H, Mueller A, Nizamuddin J, Nasim R, Lopes Perdigao J, Chinthala S, Tung A, Rana S. Abnormal mid-trimester cardiac strain in women with chronic hypertension predates superimposed preeclampsia. Pregnancy Hypertens. 2017;10:251-5. Epub 2017/11/08. doi: 10.1016/j.preghy.2017.10.009. PubMed PMID: 29111424.

Ramadan H, Rana S, Mueller A, Bajracharya S, Zhang D, Salahuddin S, Nasim R, Perdigao JL, Minhaj M, Tung A, Arany Z, Shahul S. Myocardial performance index in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: The relationship between blood pressures and angiogenic factors. Hypertens Pregnancy. 2017;36(2):161-7. Epub 2017/06/14. doi: 10.1080/10641955.2017.1280048. PubMed PMID: 28609171.

Nizamuddin SL, Nizamuddin J, Mueller A, Ramakrishna H, Shahul SS. Developing a Hypothesis and Statistical Planning. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2017;31(5):1878-82. Epub 2017/08/06. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2017.04.020. PubMed PMID: 28778775.

Nizamuddin J, Nizamuddin SL, Shahul S. Trial Registration and Outcome Reporting: A Bait and Switch? Anesth Analg. 2017;125(4):1098-9. Epub 2017/09/19. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000002371. PubMed PMID: 28922219.

Nizamuddin J, Mahmood F, Tung A, Mueller A, Brown SM, Shaefi S, O'Connor M, Talmor D, Shahul S. Interval Changes in Myocardial Performance Index Predict Outcome in Severe Sepsis. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2017;31(3):957-64. Epub 2017/01/18. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2016.11.007. PubMed PMID: 28094172.

Mahmood E, Matyal R, Mueller A, Mahmood F, Tung A, Montealegre-Gallegos M, Schermerhorn M, Shahul S. Multifactorial risk index for prediction of  intraoperative blood transfusion in endovascular aneurysm repair. J Vasc Surg. 2017. Epub 2017/10/03. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2017.06.106. PubMed PMID: 28965799.

Mahmood E, Knio ZO, Mahmood F, Amir R, Shahul S, Mahmood B, Baribeau Y, Mueller A, Matyal R. Preoperative asymptomatic leukocytosis and postoperative outcome in cardiac surgery patients. PLoS One. 2017;12(9):e0182118. Epub 2017/09/06. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0182118. PubMed PMID: 28873411; PMCID: PMC5584953.

 Lanspa MJ, Shahul S, Hersh A, Wilson EL, Olsen TD, Hirshberg EL, Grissom CK, Brown SM. Associations among left ventricular systolic function, tachycardia, and cardiac preload in septic patients. Ann Intensive Care. 2017;7(1):17. Epub 2017/02/19. doi: 10.1186/s13613-017-0240-2. PubMed PMID: 28213737; PMCID: PMC5315651.

 Kang E, Sugarman R, Ramadan H, Mueller A, Shahul S, Perdigao JL, Louis DJ, Narcisse R, Sannon H, Magee L, Rana S. Prevalence, risk factors and associated complications of postpartum hypertension in rural Haiti. Pregnancy Hypertens. 2017;10:135-42. Epub 2017/11/21. doi: 10.1016/j.preghy.2017.07.143. PubMed PMID: 29153666.

Foley A, Gunter A, Nunes KJ, Shahul S, Scavone BM. Patients Undergoing Cesarean Delivery After Exposure to Oxytocin During Labor Require Higher Postpartum Oxytocin Doses. Anesth Analg. 2017. Epub 2017/09/01. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000002401. PubMed PMID: 28858899.

Chhabra N, Gupta A, Chibber R, Minhaj M, Hofer J, Mueller A, Tung A, O'Connor M, Scavone B, Rana S, Shahul S. Outcomes and mortality in parturient and non-parturient patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy: A national readmission database study. Pregnancy Hypertens. 2017;10:143-8. Epub 2017/11/21. doi: 10.1016/j.preghy.2017.07.147. PubMed PMID: 29153668.

Beesley SJ, Wilson EL, Lanspa MJ, Grissom CK, Shahul S, Talmor D, Brown SM. Relative Bradycardia in Patients With Septic Shock Requiring Vasopressor Therapy. Crit Care Med. 2017;45(2):225-33. Epub 2016/09/13. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000002065. PubMed PMID: 27618277; PMCID:  PMC5512273.

Beesley SJ, Weber G, Sarge T, Nikravan S, Grissom CK, Lanspa MJ, Shahul S, Brown SM. Septic Cardiomyopathy. Crit Care Med. 2017. Epub 2017/12/12. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000002851. PubMed PMID: 29227368.

Banayan J, Rana S, Mueller A, Tung A, Ramadan H, Arany Z, Nizamuddin J, Novack V, Scavone B, Brown SM, Shahul S. Cardiogenic shock in pregnancy: Analysis from the National Inpatient Sample. Hypertens Pregnancy. 2017;36(2):117-23. Epub 2016/11/12. doi: 10.1080/10641955.2016.1242606. PubMed PMID: 27835031.

Shahul S, Tung A. Learning Critical Care Echocardiography: The Start of an Evidence-Based Approach? Crit Care Med. 2016;44(6):1249-50. Epub 2016/05/18. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000001711. PubMed PMID: 27182863.

Shahul S, Medvedofsky D, Wenger JB, Nizamuddin J, Brown SM, Bajracharya S, Salahuddin S, Thadhani R, Mueller A, Tung A, Lang RM, Arany Z, Talmor D, Karumanchi SA, Rana S. Circulating Antiangiogenic Factors and Myocardial Dysfunction in Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy. Hypertension. 2016;67(6):1273-80. Epub 2016/04/27. doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.116.07252. PubMed PMID: 27113052.

Mitchell JD, Ku C, Wong V, Fisher LJ, Muret-Wagstaff SL, Ott Q, Shahul S, Bose R, Tibbles C, Jones SB. The Impact of a Resident Communication Skills Curriculum on Patients' Experiences of Care. A A Case Rep. 2016;6(3):65-75. Epub 2015/12/17. doi: 10.1213/XAA.0000000000000277. PubMed PMID: 26669651.

Mahmood F, Matyal R, Skubas N, Montealegre-Gallegos M, Swaminathan M, Denault A, Sniecinski R, Mitchell JD, Taylor M, Haskins S, Shahul S, Oren-Grinberg A, Wouters P, Shook D, Reeves ST. Perioperative Ultrasound Training in Anesthesiology: A Call to Action. Anesth Analg. 2016;122(6):1794-804. Epub 2016/05/20. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000001134. PubMed PMID: 27195630.

Mahmood F, Jeganathan J, Saraf R, Shahul S, Swaminathan M, Mackensen GB, Knio Z, Matyal R. A Practical Approach to an Intraoperative Three-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography Examination. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2016;30(2):470-90. Epub 2016/01/23. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2015.10.014. PubMed PMID: 26792655.

Chaney MA, Devin Roberts J, Wroblewski K, Shahul S, Gaudet R, Jeevanandam V. Protamine Administration Via the Ascending Aorta May Prevent Cardiopulmonary Instability. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2016;30(3):647-55. Epub 2016/03/08. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2015.11.014. PubMed PMID: 26948466.

Brown SM, Sorensen J, Lanspa MJ, Rondina MT, Grissom CK, Shahul S, Mathews VJ. Multi-complexity measures of heart rate variability and the effect of vasopressor titration: a prospective cohort study of patients with septic shock. BMC Infect Dis. 2016;16(1):551. Epub 2016/10/12. doi: 10.1186/s12879-016-1896-1. PubMed PMID: 27724850; PMCID: PMC5057204.

Shahul S, Tung A, Minhaj M, Nizamuddin J, Wenger J, Mahmood E, Mueller A, Shaefi S, Scavone B, Kociol RD, Talmor D, Rana S. Racial Disparities in Comorbidities, Complications, and Maternal and Fetal Outcomes in Women With Preeclampsia/eclampsia. Hypertens Pregnancy. 2015;34(4):506-15. Epub 2015/12/05. doi: 10.3109/10641955.2015.1090581. PubMed PMID: 26636247; PMCID: PMC4782921.

Shahul S, Gulati G, Hacker MR, Mahmood F, Canelli R, Nizamuddin J, Mahmood B, Mueller A, Simon BA, Novack V, Talmor D. Detection of Myocardial Dysfunction in Septic Shock: A Speckle-Tracking Echocardiography Study. Anesth Analg. 2015;121(6):1547-54. Epub 2015/09/24. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000000943. PubMed PMID: 26397444.

Shaefi S, O'Gara B, Kociol RD, Joynt K, Mueller A, Nizamuddin J, Mahmood E, Talmor D, Shahul S. Effect of cardiogenic shock hospital volume on mortality in patients with cardiogenic shock. J Am Heart Assoc. 2015;4(1):e001462. Epub 2015/01/07. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.114.001462. PubMed PMID: 25559014; PMCID: PMC4330069.

Goel A, Maski MR, Bajracharya S, Wenger JB, Zhang D, Salahuddin S, Shahul SS, Thadhani R, Seely EW, Karumanchi SA, Rana S. Epidemiology and Mechanisms of De Novo and Persistent Hypertension in the Postpartum Period. Circulation. 2015;132(18):1726-33. Epub 2015/09/30. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.115.015721. PubMed PMID: 26416810; PMCID: PMC4816491.

Diaz-Gomez JL, Perez-Protto S, Hargrave J, Builes A, Capdeville M, Festic E, Shahul S. Impact of a focused transthoracic echocardiography training course for rescue applications among anesthesiology and critical care medicine practitioners: a prospective study. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2015;29(3):576-81. Epub 2015/01/28. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2014.10.013. PubMed PMID: 25622973.

Banayan J, Blood A, Park YS, Shahul S, Scavone BM. A modified Delphi method to create a scoring system for assessing team performance during maternal cardiopulmonary arrest. Hypertens Pregnancy. 2015;34(3):314-31. Epub 2015/05/09. doi: 10.3109/10641955.2015.1033926. PubMed PMID: 25954824.

Shahul S, Hacker MR, Novack V, Mueller A, Shaefi S, Mahmood B, Ali SH, Talmor D. The effect of hospital volume on mortality in patients admitted with severe sepsis. PLoS One. 2014;9(9):e108754. Epub 2014/09/30. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0108754. PubMed PMID: 25264788; PMCID: PMC4181313.

Jainandunsing JS, Shahul SS. Moderate-to-severe aortic stenosis and three-dimensional echocardiography. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2013;27(1):190-1. Epub 2012/10/16. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2012.08.009. PubMed PMID: 23063947.

Jainandunsing JS, Matyal R, Shahul SS, Wang A, Woltersom B, Mahmood F. 3-dimensional right ventricular volume assessment. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2013;27(2):367-75. Epub 2012/10/24. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2012.08.012. PubMed PMID: 23089261.

Warraich H, Matyal R, Shahul S, Senthilnathan V, Mahmood F. Anomalous right coronary artery arising from the pulmonary artery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2012;93(3):e75. Epub 2012/03/01. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2011.10.070. PubMed PMID: 22365022.

Shahul S, Rhee J, Rana S, Hacker M, Mitchell J, Hess P, Mahmood FU, Talmor D. OS094. Subclinical left ventricular dysfunction in preeclamptic women with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction: A 2D speckle tracking imaging study. Pregnancy Hypertens. 2012;2(3):229-30. Epub 2012/07/01. doi: 10.1016/j.preghy.2012.04.095. PubMed PMID: 26105308.

Shahul S, Rhee J, Hacker MR, Gulati G, Mitchell JD, Hess P, Mahmood F, Arany Z, Rana S, Talmor D. Subclinical left ventricular dysfunction in preeclamptic women with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction: a 2D speckle-tracking imaging study. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2012;5(6):734-9. Epub 2012/08/15. doi: 10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.112.973818. PubMed PMID: 22891044; PMCID: PMC3871635.

Patten IS, Rana S, Shahul S, Rowe GC, Jang C, Liu L, Hacker MR, Rhee JS, Mitchell J, Mahmood F, Hess P, Farrell C, Koulisis N, Khankin EV, Burke SD, Tudorache I, Bauersachs J, del Monte F, Hilfiker-Kleiner D, Karumanchi SA, Arany Z. Cardiac angiogenic imbalance leads to peripartum cardiomyopathy. Nature. 2012;485(7398):333-8. Epub 2012/05/19. doi: 10.1038/nature11040. PubMed PMID: 22596155; PMCID: PMC3356917.

Matyal R, Chu L, Mahmood F, Robich MP, Wang A, Hess PE, Shahul S, Pinto DS, Khabbaz K, Sellke FW. Neuropeptide Y improves myocardial perfusion and function in a swine model of hypercholesterolemia and chronic myocardial ischemia. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2012;53(6):891-8. Epub 2012/09/18. doi: 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2012.08.027. PubMed PMID: 22982235.

Mahmood F, Warraich HJ, Shahul S, Qazi A, Swaminathan M, Mackensen GB, Panzica P, Maslow A. En face view of the mitral valve: definition and acquisition. Anesth Analg. 2012;115(4):779-84. Epub 2012/08/04. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0b013e3182662dd9. PubMed PMID: 22859687.

Shahul S, Rhee J, Hacker MR, Gulati G, Mitchell JD, Hess P, Mahmood F, Arany Z, Rana S, Talmor D.  Subclinical left ventricular dysfunction in preeclamptic women with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction: a 2D speckle tracking imaging study. Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging. 2012;5:734-739.  PMID 22891044  [Accompanied by editorial, Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2012;5:691-692]

Checkley W, Martin GS, Brown SM, Chang SY, Dabbagh O, Fremont RD, Girard TD, Rice TW, Howell MD, Johnson SB, O'Brien J, Park PK, Pastores SM, Patil NT, Pietropaoli AP, Putman M, Rotello L, Siner J, Sajid S, Murphy DJ, Sevransky JE; United States Critical Illness and Injury Trials Group Critical Illness Outcomes Study Investigators. Structure, process, and annual ICU mortality across 69 centers: United States Critical Illness and Injury Trials Group Critical Illness Outcomes Study. Crit Care Med. 2014;42(2): 344-56.

Patten IS, Rana S, Shahul S, Rowe GC, Jang C, Liu L, Hacker MR, Rhee JS, Mitchell J, Mahmood F, Hess P, Farrell C, Koulisis N, Khankin EV, Burke SD, Turdorache I, Bauersachs J, del Monte F, Hilfiker-Kleiner D, Karumanchi SA, Arany Z.  Cardiac angiogenic imbalance leads to peripartum cardiomyopathy. Nature 2012;485(7398):333-8.

Oren-Grinberg A, Shahul SS, Lerner AB. Echocardiography in the intensive care unit.  In: Rippe JM, Lisbon A, Heard SO, eds. Irwin & Rippe's Procedures, Techniques, and Minimally Invasive Monitoring in Intensive Care Medicine, 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, 2012.

Shahul S, Talmor D. Principles of mechanical ventilation.  In: Vincent JL, Hall JB, eds. Encyclopedia of Intensive Care Medicine. New York, NY: Springer, 2012.

Warraich HJ, Shahul S, Matyal R, Mahmood F. Bench to bedside: dynamic mitral valve assessment. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2011;25(5):863-6. Epub 2011/10/04. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2011.06.021. PubMed PMID: 21962300.

Warraich HJ, Hayward G, Matyal R, Shahul S, Subramaniam B. Fate of mitral regurgitation after aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2011;25(5):885-6. Epub 2011/08/13. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2011.05.016. PubMed PMID: 21835636.

Warraich HJ, Bhatti UA, Shahul S, Pinto D, Liu D, Matyal R, Mahmood F. Unilateral pulmonary edema secondary to mitral valve perforation. Circulation. 2011;124(18):1994-5. Epub 2011/11/02. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.111.032656. PubMed PMID: 22042928.

Warraich H, Matyal R, Shahul S, Mitchell J, Panzica P, Khabbaz K, Mahmood F. Giant saphenous vein graft pseudoaneurysm causing tricuspid valve stenosis. J Card Surg. 2011;26(2):177-80. Epub 2011/02/22. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-8191.2011.01212.x. PubMed PMID: 21332791.

Prasad KC, Prasad SC, Shahul S. Spontaneous arteriovenous malformation of the ear. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011;63(Suppl 1):19-22. Epub 2012/07/04. doi: 10.1007/s12070-011-0175-0. PubMed PMID: 22754826; PMCID: PMC3146687.

Matyal R, Warraich HJ, Karthik S, Panzica P, Shahul S, Khabbaz KR, Mahmood F. Anterior myocardial infarction with dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Ann Thorac Surg. 2011;91(3):e39-40. Epub 2011/03/01. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2010.10.087. PubMed PMID: 21352967.

Matyal R, Bose R, Warraich H, Shahul S, Ratcliff S, Panzica P, Mahmood F. Transthoracic echocardiographic simulator: normal and the abnormal. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2011;25(1):177-81. Epub 2010/10/19. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2010.08.008. PubMed PMID: 20951605.

Bose RR, Matyal R, Warraich HJ, Summers J, Subramaniam B, Mitchell J, Panzica PJ, Shahul S, Mahmood F. Utility of a transesophageal echocardiographic simulator as a teaching tool. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2011;25(2):212-5. Epub 2010/10/27. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2010.08.014. PubMed PMID: 20974542.

Ali NA, Gutteridge D, Shahul S, Checkley W, Sevransky J, Martin GS. Critical Illness Outcome Study: An Observational Study on Protocols and Mortality in Intensive Care Units. Open Access J Clin Trials. 2011;2011(3):55-65. Epub 2011/09/23. doi: 10.2147/OAJCT.S24223. PubMed PMID: 25429244; PMCID: PMC4242589.

Shahul S, Talmor D, Lisbon A. Management of the postoperative cardiac surgical patient.  In: Vincent J, Abraham E, Moore FA, Kochanek P, Fink MP, eds. Textbook of Critical Care, 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier, 2011; p. 1406-1416.

Shahul S. Cerebral vasospasm treatment. OpenAnesthesia website, International Anesthesia Research Society, 2011.  http://openanesthesia.org.

Shahul S. Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury (TRALI): Treatment. OpenAnesthesia website, International Anesthesia Research Society, 2011.  http://openanesthesia.org.

Shahul S. Hemodynamic effects of amiodarone. OpenAnesthesia website, International Anesthesia Research Society, 2011.  http://openanesthesia.org.

Shahul S. Superior laryngeal nerve anatomy. OpenAnesthesia website, International Anesthesia Research Society, 2011.  http://openanesthesia.org.

Gerstle J, Shahul S, Mahmood F. Echocardiographically derived parameters of fluid responsiveness. Int Anesthesiol Clin. 2010;48(1):37-44. Epub 2010/01/13. doi: 10.1097/AIA.0b013e3181b6c321. PubMed PMID: 20065725.

Chibber RM, Khuranna A, al-Sibai MH, al-Mulhim AA, Shahul SS. Course and outcome of pregnancy in 54 persistently HIV-1-seronegative sex workers and their infants. J Reprod Med. 2002;47(12):1016-20. Epub 2003/01/09. PubMed PMID: 12516320.

Kumar RM, Shahul S. Role of breast-feeding in transmission of hepatitis C virus to infants of HCV-infected mothers. J Hepatol. 1998;29(2):191-7. Epub 1998/08/29. PubMed PMID: 9722199.