Stephen Small, M.D.

Associate Professor of Anesthesia & Critical Care
Director, UC Simulation

5841 S. Maryland Ave.
M.C. 4028
Chicago, IL 60637

(773) 834-2309

Training

B.A. - 1972 - 1976
Brown University - Providence, Rhode Island USA - Theatre Arts, Biology

M.D. - 1976 - 1979
Baylor College of Medicine - Houston Texas, USA

Internship - 1980 - 1981
Baylor College of Medicine - Houston, Texas USA - Internal Medicine

Residency - 1981 - 1983
Baylor College of Medicine - Houston, Texas USA - Internal Medicine

Residency - 1989 - 1991
Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School - Boston, Massachusetts USA - Anesthesiology

Fellowship - 1979 - 1980
National Institutes of Health - Bethesda, Maryland USA - Diabetes basic research

Clinical Interests

Complex general anesthetics
Regional anesthesia
Perioperative technology

Academic Interests

Patient safety - systems analysis, training, culture, policy
Simulation
Ethics

Recent Publications

Andrews, D., Nocon C., Small SD, Pinto J, Blair E. Emergency Airway Management: Training and Experience of Chief Residents in Otolaryngology and Anesthesiology (A national survey), in press 2011, Head and Neck.

Weidman, Bell, Walsh, Small, Edelson. Assessing the impact of immersive simulation on clinical performance during actual in- hospital cardiac arrest with CPR-sensing technology - A randomized feasibility study. Resuscitation 2010; 81:1556-1561

Small SD. Simulation Applications for Human Factors and Systems Evaluation. International Anesthesia Clinics Special Issue, New Vistas in Patient Safety and Simulation. 2007;25(2):237-59

Silverstein J, Dech F, Ehrenfeld J, Small SD, Cook S. Teleimmersion: Preferred Infrastructure for Anatomy Instruction. J Computing in Higher Education 2006; 18(1):80-93

Small SD, Brown MD, Wiet, M. A Roadmap to Guide Illinois Voluntary Inter-Institutional Safety Learning Systems. Chicago Patient Safety Forum, an independent project of the Institute of Medicine, Chicago. 2005.
http://www.chicagopatientsafety.org/CPSF_initiatives/med_legal.htm

Small SD. Medical Device Associated Safety and Risk - Surveillance and Stratagems. JAMA 2004; 291:367-71

Shapiro, MJ, Morey J, Small SD, Langford V, Kaylor C, Jagminas L, Suner S, Salisbury M, Simon R, Jay G. Simulation Based Teamwork Training for Emergency Department Staff: Does it improve clinical team performance when added to an existing didactic teamwork curriculum? Qual Safety in Health Care; 2004;13;417-421

Small SD. Thoughts on Patient Safety Education and the Role of Simulation.Virtual Mentor - an Ethics Journal of the American Medical Association. 2004; 6 http://www.ama- assn.org/ama/pub/category/12059.html

Small SD and Gibson, R. Ethical Dilemmas in Health Care - Cases for Study, in Patankar, M., Brown J., and Treadwell M. eds. Ethics of Safety: Cases From Aviation Maintenance, Health Care, and Occupational and Environmental Health. Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 2004, 230-240.

Spencer F and Small SD .Surgical Patient Safety: Essential Information for Surgeons in Today's Environment, Ed B. Manuel and P. Nora. Organizing for Patient Safety at the Institutional Level, 2004

Hammons T, Piland N, Small SD, Hatlie M, Burstin H. Ambulatory patient safety: what we know and need to know. J of Amb Care Management. 2003; 26(1):63-83

Liang BA, Small SD. Communicating About Care: Addressing Federal- State issues in peer review and mediation to promote patient safety. Houston Journal of Health Law and Policy Symposium: Federalism in Health Care 2003; 3(2):219-264

Ziv, A., Wolpe PR, Small SD, Glick S. Simulation-Based Medical Education: An Ethical Analysis. Academic Medicine 2003; 78 (8):783-789

Small SD, Barach PR. Patient Safety and Health Policy. Hematology Oncology Clinics Special issue on Health Policy and Law. 2002; 16:1463-1482

Small SD, Cooper JB. Realistic Simulation. Harvard Anesthesia Electronic Library. Bailin M ed. Boston: Harvard Medical School Departments of Anesthesia, 2001.

Waisel DB, Kofke WA, Rie MA, Barach P, Sinz E, Small SD, Sweitzer BS. Report of Panel on Cost Containment, Informed Consent, and Outcome Accountability: An Ethical Dilemma. Int Anes Clinics 2001; 39(3): 117-129

Ziv A., Small SD, Wolpe PR. Patient Safety and Simulation-Based Medical Education. Medical Teacher 2000; 22(5):489-495

Barach P and Small SD. Reporting and preventing medical mishaps: lessons from non-medical near miss reporting systems. BMJ. 2000 Mar 18;320 (7237):759

Small SD, Wuerz RC, Simon R, Shapiro N., Conn A, Setnik G. Demonstration of High Fidelity Simulation Team Training for Emergency Medicine. Acad Emerg Med 1999; 6:312-323

Bates DW, Miller EB, Cullen DJ, Burdick L, Williams L, Laird N, Petersen LA, Small SD, Sweitzer BJ, Vander Vliet M, Leape LL. Patient Risk Factors for Adverse Drug Events in Hospitalized Patients. Arch Intern Med. 1999 Nov 22;159(21):2553-60.

Barach PR, Small SD, Cooper JB: Safety in Anesthesia. Clinical Anesthesia Procedures of the Massachusetts General Hospital, 5th ed. Hurford WE, Bailin M, Davison JK, Haspel KL, Rosow C, eds. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven, pp. 117-127, 1998.

Small SD: Special considerations for laparoscopic surgery. Ambulatory Surgery. Schirmer BD, Rattner DW, eds. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, pp. 181-190, 1998

Walsh JL, Small SD: Monitoring. Clinical Anesthesia Procedures of the Massachusetts General Hospital, 5th ed. Hurford WE, Bailin M, Davison JK, Haspel KL, Rosow C, eds. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven, pp. 142-161, 1998.

Bates DW, Spell N, Cullen DJ, Burdick E, Laird N, Petersen LA, Small SD, Sweitzer BJ, Leape LL. The Costs of Adverse Drug Events in Hospitalized Patients. JAMA. 1997; 277:307-311

Holzman RS, Cooper JB, Gaba DM, Philip JH, Small SD, Feinstein D. Anesthesia Crisis Resource Management: Real- Life Simulation Training in Operating Room Crises. J Clin Anesth. 1995; 7:675 - 687

Cullen DJ, Bates DW, Small SD, Cooper JB, Nemeskal AR, Leape LL. The Incident Reporting System Does Not Detect Adverse Drug Events: A Problem in Quality Assurance. Joint Commission J on Qual Improv. 1995; 21: 541

Leape LL, Bates DW, Cullen DJ, Cooper J, Demonaco H, Gallivan T, Hallisey R, Ives J, Laird N, Laffel G, Nemeskal AR, Petersen L, Porter K, Servi D, Shea BF, Small SD, Sweitzer BJ, Thompson T, Vander Vliet M. Systems analysis of adverse drug events. JAMA. 1995 Jul 5;274(1):35-43.

Bates DW, Cullen DJ, Laird N, Petersen LA, Small SD, Servi D, Laffel G, Sweitzer BJ, Shea B, Hallisey R, Vander Vliet M, Nemeskal AR, Leape LL. Incidence of adverse drug events and potential adverse drug events: implication for prevention. JAMA. 1995; 274:29-34.

Gaba D, Howard S, Small SD. Situation awareness in anesthesiology. Human Factors. 1995; 37:20.

Gaba D, Kurrek M, Small SD, eds.: Instructors' Manual for Anesthesia Crisis Resource Management. Toronto: The Working Group for Training in Anesthesia Crisis Resource Management, 1995.

Small SD: Monitoring. Clinical Anesthesia Procedures of the Massachusetts General Hospital, 4th ed. Davison JK, Eckhardt WF, Perese DA, eds. Boston: Little Brown, pp. 1993

Small SD, Sweitzer BJ: Anesthesia for ambulatory surgery. Clinical Anesthesia Procedures of the Massachusetts General Hospital, 4th ed. Davison JK, Eckhardt WF, Perese DA, eds. Boston: Little Brown, pp. 476-81, 1993

Small SD, Ali HH, Lennon VA, Brown RH Jr, Carr DB, de Armendi A. Anesthesia for an unsuspected Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome with autoantibodies and occult small cell lung carcinoma. Anesthesiology. 1992; 76; 1:142-5.

Krothapalli R, Neeland B, Small S, Duffy WB, Gyorkey F, Senekjian HO: IgA nephropathy in a patient with ankylosing spondylitis and a solitary kidney. Clin Nephrol 21: 134-137, 1984.